By Emma Emeozor
A lecturer, Division of Political Science, College of Lagos, Dr Ferdinand Ottoh on this interview examines the implications of forming and registering political events with out ideological foundation. He believes that Nigeria is politically ripe sufficient to supply ideology based mostly political events. He says ideology determines the manifesto of a political get together.
The presidential election holds on February 25, 2023. Would you say Nigerians are ready for the election?
It’s the political events that must be requested if they’re prepared for the elections as a result of Nigerians are already ready for them. Nigerians are prepared however I do not assume the political events are prepared as a result of up until now, they aren’t in a position to articulate their ideology and even manifestoes to the understanding of the lots, which, in fact, may be very laughable and an indication of lack of seriousness.
Earlier than political events begin registration for elections, their ideology and manifestoes have to be prepared. The manifesto isn’t concerning the candidates, reasonably, it’s about this system motion of the events. So, which ever candidate emerges from the primaries follows the manifesto of his or her get together.
Any addition which a candidate desires so as to add to the manifesto is irrelevant. And I feel the rationale we have now this kind of state of affairs in Nigeria, is as a result of the political events haven’t got ideology.
As a result of in the event that they do, the citizens ought to know, for instance, the ideology of the Peoples Democratic Get together (PDP) which guides its manifesto, the ideology of the All Progressive Congress (APC), which additionally guides its manifesto and the identical for the opposite events . So, if I consider that PDP is in keeping with my very own philosophy of life, then, I can be part of PDP, but when I really feel that it’s APC, then, I can be part of APC.
After all, any candidate that emerges on the finish of the primaries will settle for and promote the get together’s ideology and manifesto as a result of the ideology of a political get together must be the identical for all.
So, the poverty of ideology which political events in Nigeria undergo is a part of the rationale they can’t simply current to the citizens a concise manifesto that may allow them (the individuals) to know their programme. This, additionally, explains why some candidates inform the general public that they know what to do after they get into workplace. This can be a demonstration of lack of seriousness about governance.
Are you speaking about ‘left’ and ‘proper’ ideological leanings as practiced by superior democracies?
That is precisely what I’m making an attempt to say. I do not even know which their ‘left’ is and which is their ‘proper’, whether or not they’re capitalists or socialists, whether or not they’re conservatives or liberals. I can not actually say. APC pretends to be progressive and claims to be an off shoot of Awoism, wanting on the historical past of its formation from the Alliance for Democracy (AD) and so forth. Who amongst these members and in even the APC as a celebration, can you actually say has adopted the Awoism ideology – socialism or democratic socialism because the case could also be?
Is PDP a capitalist get together (or one thing else)? Are they (members of PDP) actually professing it? It has at all times been a difficulty in Nigeria’s political course of that the political events haven’t got ideology. Within the first republic, granted sure, we are able to take a look at the leaders of the three main events: Northern Folks’s Congress (NPC), Motion Group (AG) and Nationwide Council of Nigerian Residents (NCNC). Awolowo maintained socialist ideology, Zik anchored his get together on welfareist ideology and naturally, NPC was a pure conservative get together. So, you’ll be able to see the way in which they function.
Within the second republic, the political events that we had – UPN (Awolowo), NPP (Azikiwe) and NPN seen by many as an offshoot of NPC (Augustine Akinloye), to a big extent nonetheless adopted the identical ideological line articulated within the first republic. The exception was the Nice Nigeria Peoples Get together (GNPP.)
In 1987 when former navy chief, Ibrahim Babangida, was making an attempt to introduce a brand new political order, one of many issues that his reform addressed was the difficulty of ideology.
That was what introduced concerning the announcement of a ‘little to the left, and ‘a bit to the fitting’, with the Nationwide Republican Conference (NRC) seen because the rightist bloc and the Social Democratic Get together (SDP) because the leftist bloc. However since 1999 until date, there had been no discuss ideology based mostly political events.
These are the crucial points, and that’s the reason politicians can get up anytime and transfer from one get together to a different, pushed by private curiosity. As we discuss now (and really quickly), we’ll start to listen to extra of defections, as a result of this time period has come into the Nigerian political lexicon, transferring from one get together to the opposite, which shouldn’t be the apply.
How do you imply?
Within the superior democracies, political leaders stabilize their events; for instance, Individuals know that they’ve two dominant events – the Republican and the Democratic. Subsequently, by the point a citizen reaches the voting age, she or he should have evaluated the actions of the Democrats and the Republicans respectively to find out which ones tally along with his or her ideological conviction. An American father could also be a Republican however the son or daughter might select to be a Democrat, that is how it’s carried out.
In distinction, in Nigeria, individuals be part of political events with out understanding the path of the get together. Many individuals are compelled to hitch events due to ‘abdomen infrastructure,’ the place they’ll get bread and butter to eat, however not on the idea of ideological conviction. This can be a main downside.
The Labor Get together is meant to be, by implication, an ideological get together the place the general public will know that its members are individuals who consider in equality, egalitarianism, and many others. However this isn’t the case. Are the presidential candidates of the political events actually individuals having any ideological orientation?
Peter Obi, as an example was a member of the All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA) from the place he moved to the PDP. However when he could not obtain his political ambition there, he defected to the Labor get together. Taking a look at how persons are becoming a member of the Labor get together, what’s the foundation for his or her becoming a member of the get together?
Then again, I can not place the 2 main events, PDP and APC, which have been in existence for some years now as to what ideology they characterize. Which ideological leaning are you able to place Atiku or Tinubu? However as a result of we’re passing by means of a strategy of evolution, let’s proceed to handle the state of affairs.
Presently, what’s necessary to us is how the nation can maintain a reputable election and whoever that emerges can handle the financial system and yield anticipated outcomes. It is for that reason, we should always start to take a look at our financial coverage. Immediately, we won’t place our financial coverage in relation to any ideological place.
Underneath the navy, I bear in mind below Basic Sani Abacha’s regime, he talked about guided deregulation. Be aware that the important thing phrases listed here are “guided deregulation,” declaring that Nigeria was transferring in the direction of capitalism.
However even within the midst of capitalism, we should information our coverage similar to it’s carried out in America. America is a pure capitalist nation and there are particular insurance policies of the federal government that information its financial actions. Right here in Nigeria, our understanding of capitalism is, oh, let free market decide all the things, let individuals do issues the way in which they like. However that’s not how it’s purported to be.
Because of this some college of ideas, some financial analysts discuss concerning the removing of oil subsidy. However their place isn’t based mostly on financial ideology, reasonably, it’s simply politics being performed out. These calling for the removing of subsidy argue that it’s going to cease individuals from stealing our frequent wealth. Sure, that is true however the proposal isn’t carried out on the idea of what the federal government in energy actually believes about oil subsidy.
You simply drew consideration to how persons are becoming a member of the Labor get together. What’s your response to the ‘Obedient Motion’? What do you assume is going on, can this be an indication of a revolution ready to blow up in Nigeria?
I’ll use the phrase ‘spirituality’ although spirituality would not truly come into politics. Politics is a sport and in a sport, all types of intrigues are available in. When God desires to liberate a nation, it’d come in several methods. I am not a fan of Obi anyway. However what is going on is a brand new reawakening among the many Nigerian voting populace, and I am referring to the youth. I do hope that this motion will translate to electoral vote as a result of if the momentum is sustained and on the day of election, the youth prove en masse and vote accordingly, could also be, there will likely be a flip of occasions, there will likely be a brand new historical past in Nigeria’s political evolution.
However it isn’t simply sufficient for individuals to collect in a rally. . . ‘One Million March’, ‘Ten Million March’ and so forth. . . Whichever means by means of which the organizers mobilize the members, let it additionally translate to true electoral vote.
I used to assume that when the motion began. . . as a result of they name it motion and folks attempt to make a distinction between a motion and a political get together, it won’t be like a political get together the place after elections finish, all points finish. It’s because in a motion, the wrestle continues even after the elections. So, if we see it as a motion, once more, I hope it’s going to actually translate to electoral victory and certainly victory for the individuals.
The opposite main two events (PDP and APC) might not be snug, sure, as a result of we have now had varied experiences on this nation, particularly by way of the belief of management. In political philosophy, we discuss leaders that emerged because of their want to guide or to rule, and leaders that emerged because of the need of the individuals. . . That is the person or chief we wish.
In the event you learn Chunua Achebe’s e book, ‘The Man of the Folks’, you’ll observe that leaders that emerge within the interval of disaster, you’ll be able to title them – Franklin Roosevelt, Wilson Churchill – these have been leaders that emerge at a time limit of their political historical past they usually tried to liberate their individuals. We now have seen it in historical past throughout. However, in Nigeria, political leaders usually are not rising due to the need of the individuals, reasonably, it has turn out to be a turn-by-turn affair.
I recall former President Olusegun Obasanjo as soon as made a really passing assertion and I caught that assertion. He mentioned that this concept of it’s “our flip . . . .” I can not bear in mind the circumstance that made him to make that assertion however I feel it was within the interval when Buhari began happening medical journeys. Nigeria has turn out to be a dynasty for some individuals. And that is very harmful within the selection of management.